The Blake Mouton Grid
In 1964, management thinkers Robert Blake and Jane Mouton created their leadership grid (sometimes known as the managerial grid). Five different leadership styles were compared by plotting them on a two dimensional scale.
One dimension is concerned with people. A manager who has high levels of concern with people will be very focussed on ensuring staff like their jobs and are happy at work. There will also be a big emphasis on career development opportunities.
The second dimension is concern for production. A manager with high production concerns fully recognises the need for operational targets and keeping costs down.
The five leadership styles move from low concern with people and production through to high concern with both of these dimensions.